At the institutional level
The implementation of the national policy for on-site sanitation in urban areas will build upon the principles set out in the Sector Policy Letter (2016) for the development of Senegal. in particular :
- The principle of participation and shared responsibilities.
- The principle of demand-based planning to foster the ownership of sanitation structures by households in urban communes.
At the financial level
Given the scale of the challenges faced, the strategy will be based on the principle of diversification of all resources that can be mobilized. Consequently, investment financing will call on the state, local authorities, beneficiaries and the private sector. As for the operation and maintenance of the structures, cost recovery is key to ensuring the sustainability of the collection, transport and treatment facilities by the private sector, which should take advantage of supply and demand through public-private partnerships.
The strategy is based on 3 main principles :
- The principle of sustainable financing: Adaption of services to meet the affordability requirements users.
- The principle of investment optimisation: To allow for the establishment and sustainability of sanitation services.
- The principle of equity: The different population groups should be treated fairly in relation to sanitation access.
At the technological level
At the technological level, the basic principles of the national strategy for on-site sanitation in urban areas relate to:
- The adoption of technologies authorised by ONAS (maximum 3 variants for on-site sanitation) and appropriate building and operation, by minimizing charges and optimizing the recovery and recycling of waste;
- The adoption of technologies in inter-communal co-ownership (wastewater or fecal sludge treatment infrastructures);
- Gender mainstreaming in technological choices (separation of public infrastructures for men and women, availability of structures accessible to people with disabilities);
- The interrelationship between the various subsectors and the adoption of an integrated approach for the management of different types of wastes.